Texas, the Lone Star State, Fun Facts

Texas is called the Lone Star State because of the state flag's design: a broad vertical blue stripe at left, centered by a single white star, with horizontal bars of white and red on the right. Red means courage, White means liberty and Blue stands for loyalty. The star has five points, one for each letter of the state's name. The word "Texas" comes from a Hasinai Indian word, "Tejas," which means friends or allies.

Texas has 624 miles of coastline running along the Gulf of Mexico. There are 254 counties in Texas. It was the 28th state to enter the union, joining the United States on Dec. 29, 1845.

The Texas Flag Texas Longhorn, state mammal Texas Bluebonnets, state flower
The Lone Star Flag
(State Flag)

Texas Longhorn
(State Mammal)

Texas Bluebonnet
(State Flower)

State Flag: Known as the Lone Star Flag

    Six other flags have flown over Texas. They are:

  • Spanish 1519-1685
  • French 1685-1690
  • Spanish 1690-1821
  • Mexican 1821-1836
  • Republic of Texas 1836-1845
  • United States 1845-1861
  • Confederate States 1861-1865
  • United States 1865 to present

Pledge to the Texas Flag: "Honor the Texas Flag. I pledge allegiance to thee. Texas, one and indivisible."
State Capital: Austin, Texas
State Motto: Friendship
State Nickname: The Lone Star State
State Bird: Mockingbird
State Song: "Texas, Our Texas"
The music was written by the late William J. Marsh, and the words by Marsh and Gladys Yoakum Wright, both of Fort Worth. It was adopted in 1929.
State Flower: Bluebonnet
State Fish: Guadalupe bass
State Dish: Chili
State Fruit: Texas red grapefruit
State Tree: Pecan
State Seashell: Lightning Whelk, found only on the Gulf Coast
State Insect: Monarch butterfly
State Mammal: Texas longhorn
State Folk Dance: Square dance
State Gem: Texas blue topaz

 
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